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Organizations starting with E

Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnostic, and Treatment (EPSDT)

EPSDT is a mandatory benefit that entitles children enrolled in Medicaid to all services authorized by federal Medicaid law, including services considered optional for other populations and services not covered by most private insurance. The service limits that states can impose for adults cannot be applied to children, for whom all medically necessary care is covered. In addition to the diagnosis and treatment services covered by most private insurance, EPSDT covers screening and early intervention services to promote children’s healthy development, vision, dental and hearing services, scheduling and other administrative services, and care to ameliorate acute and chronic physical and mental health conditions.

Early Intervention

Services for children with or at risk for developmental disabilities, delays or atypical development. Services may address communication, motor, cognitive, self-help and social-emotional development. Early intervention also includes assisting families in fully accessing community resources such as child service coordination, assistive technology, and speech, physical and occupational therapy.

Emergency Preparedness

is being ready for an emergency or unexpected natural disaster. Being prepared involves having an emergency supply kit; making a family emergency plan; and being informed about the different types of emergencies that could occur in your area and their appropriate responses


The act of enabling individuals with disabilities and the families of people with disabilities to exercise control in their lives by becoming the primary decision makers about the services and supports they are to receive, where they will live/work/go to school, etc.


The process that individuals use to find and evaluate opportunities and risks, and then develop and execute plans for translating those opportunities and risks into financial self-sufficiency.


A physical condition that occurs when there is a sudden, brief change in the brain.  This abnormal electrical activity in the brain can cause a person’s consciousness, movement, or actions to be altered for a short time—called an epileptic seizure.  Epilepsy is also called a seizure disorder.

Extended School Year (ESY)

pecial education and related services provided beyond the normal school year, in accordance with the child's IEP and at no cost to the parents.


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North Carolina Council on Developmental Disabilities

Office Hours: 9AM-4PM Monday-Friday
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This project was supported, in part by grant number 2001NCSCDD-02, from the U.S. Administration for Community Living, Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, D.C. 20201. Grantees undertaking projects with government sponsorship are encouraged to express freely their findings and conclusions. Points of view or opinions do not, therefore, necessarily represent official ACL policy.

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